I installed the 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx) 64-bit alpha 3 this morning to check out some of the new features. And since I’ve done a few other articles about running Ubuntu in a VM I thought I’d share the experience yet again.
If you’re running VMWare Fusion 3.0+ (or the current release of Workstation 7) then the version of VMWare Tools you have with your software can successfully install with no manual intervention. Simply pick easy install and let VMWare do all the work.
If you’re running an older version you will want to take a look at my Ubuntu 9.10 instructions for help with getting open-vm-tools running for you in 10.04.
I’ll update this article if anything changes (the kernel freeze for Lucid Lynx is not until March 11).
Mac OS X’s EULA only allows for usage of OS X Server within VMware Fusion, but with a (relatively) simple script you can modify the darwin.iso to function with OS X client as a guest.1 This script should hypothetically work with Fusion 2.0 and 3.0 on Leopard and Snow Leopard (as both guest and host). Save the following script to a file.
#!/bin/bash cd "/Library/Application Support/VMware Fusion/isoimages" mkdir original mv darwin.iso tools-key.pub *.sig original perl -n -p -e 's/ServerVersion.plist/SystemVersion.plist/g' < original/darwin.iso > darwin.iso openssl genrsa -out tools-priv.pem 2048 openssl rsa -in tools-priv.pem -pubout -out tools-key.pub openssl dgst -sha1 -sign tools-priv.pem < darwin.iso > darwin.iso.sig for i in *.iso ; do openssl dgst -sha1 -sign tools-priv.pem < $i > $i.sig ; done exit
Now open Terminal and chmod the script to executable.
chmod 755 /path/to/my/script
Finally, execute the script with root privileges.
This will modify and re-sign the darwin.iso to allow OS X client as a guest. Hat tip to several sources online (which I can no longer remember) that were used to help make this script many moons ago.
Update 2: Preliminary 10.04 instructions are available here. No real obstacles for those running the latest Fusion/Workstation.
Update: If you’re using VMware Fusion 3.0 or any VMware Tools version 8.2.3-204229 or better you can follow a drastically simplified process. sudo apt-get install build-essential, choose install VMware Tools from the menu, copy tar to desktop, untar, sudo ./vmware-install.pl and follow the instructions. Simple!
With the release of the Ubuntu 9.10 RC it’s time to revisit installing Ubuntu into a VMware VM. I’m using VMware Fusion 2.0.x, but behavior should be largely the same for any recent VMware release.
First, create a new VM and point the installation disk at your Ubuntu 9.10 ISO. At this time I would not recommend using “easy install”, so uncheck that and continue. If you wish to use the graphical installer you’ll need to increase the RAM allocated to your VM from 512MB to 768MB.1
Now you can boot your VM and follow the graphical installer. Once complete your VM will hopefully reboot properly and ask you if you want to force the CD to disconnect (you do). If this doesn’t occur, force the guest to shut down, disconnect the ISO in the settings, then boot the VM again.
The official VMware Tools do not work properly due to the newer kernel (2.6.31), so we’ll need to build the open-vm-tools for this kernel. Follow the steps below to build them yourself or simply download the AMD64 deb package I have already built for the modules.2
sudo apt-get install open-vm-tools build-essential open-vm-toolbox
vmware@vmware-desktop:~$ lsmod | grep vm vmsync 5104 0 vmmemctl 10120 0 vmhgfs 59080 0 vmci 33952 0
If you see the 4 modules listed above then you should have functioning copy/paste, auto-resolution switching, and even shared folders. However, to enable shared folders you’ll need to follow these steps:
sudo mount -t vmhgfs -v -o ro .host:/sharedfoldername /path/to/mnt
Let me know in the comments if you have issues or have improvements to the process. Waiting for the official VMware Tools release is boring!